Remains of the church of St. Germain

About 200 m to the east of Mednjan, there are ruins of the big, three-aisled basilica, built in honour of St. Germain.

It was a rectangular triple-nave church with three apses, dating back probably to the second half of the 6th century. The Dimensions of the basilica are 21.5 m in length and 12.5 m in width. Only part of the northern wall is preserved until today, up to the height of 2 m, as well as part of the northern apse. The remnants of the basilica were discovered in 2008, when the owner of the site decided to remove the overgrown vegetation.

 

There is no reliable information about St.German’s life. According to his file of his passion “Passio sancti Germani” from 5th or 6th  century, he was a respectable citizen of Pula and Christian layman. During Numerian’s persecution of Christians, he objected to Antony, perfect of Pula and was tried in the Arena and sentenced to death by torture.

During the trial he was courageously defended the Christian faith and he won over many citizens for Christianity. He was killed on the third mile on the road to Valtura (near Kostanjica), where the church was later built. In the Statute of the Town of Pula from the 14th century it was determined that his feast day was celebrated on May 30th.

“It is a good thing to give praise to the Lord, and to make melody to your name, O Most High; To make clear your mercy in the morning, and your unchanging faith every night; On a ten-corded instrument, and on an instrument of music with a quiet sound. For you, O Lord, have made me glad through your work; I will have joy in the works of your hands. O Lord, how great are your works! and your thoughts are very deep.”

Roman villa and the church of St. Cecilia (Guran)

The church of St. Cecilia is located about 600 m north-west from the old settlement of Guran. There is a bigger rectangular building about 20 m to the north of the church, whose walls are covered with pink lime, and a bit further on, other stone structures can be found. The church is a single-nave rectangular building with a two-apsidal sanctuary. The apses are semicircular. The base of the altar is preserved since it was in the southern apse. This church has also lived through a few of the building phases, the first one of which can be dated to Carolingian period. The church was functional to, at least, the end of the Middle Ages.

The foundation, made from bigger stone blocks, is preserved in the length of 4 m, starting in the south-eastern corner of the church and extending in a westerly direction. There are two structures older than the church on its western side, whose walls are still partially visible. Before the construction of the church, there was a villa rustica at the same location; the church was actually built on top of the villa that was probably built during the 1st century.

LOCATION

Address: Early medieval settlement of Guran